PD-(D/E)XK nuclease superfamily
This clan includes a large number of nuclease families related to holliday junction resolvases [1,2].
This clan contains 149 families and the total number of domains in the clan is 170198. The clan was built by A Bateman.
- Aravind L, Makarova KS, Koonin EV; , Nucleic Acids Res. 2000;28:3417-3432.: Holliday junction resolvases and related nucleases: identification of new families, phyletic distribution and evolutionary trajectories. PUBMED:10982859 EPMC:10982859
- Feder M, Bujnicki JM; , BMC Genomics. 2005;6:21-21.: Identification of a new family of putative PD-(D/E)XK nucleases with unusual phylogenomic distribution and a new type of the active site. PUBMED:15720711 EPMC:15720711
- Knizewski L, Kinch L, Grishin NV, Rychlewski L, Ginalski K; , J Virol. 2006;80:2575-2577.: Human herpesvirus 1 UL24 gene encodes a potential PD-(D/E)XK endonuclease. PUBMED:16474163 EPMC:16474163
- Kinch LN, Ginalski K, Rychlewski L, Grishin NV; , Nucleic Acids Res. 2005;33:3598-3605.: Identification of novel restriction endonuclease-like fold families among hypothetical proteins. PUBMED:15972856 EPMC:15972856
- Steczkiewicz K, Muszewska A, Knizewski L, Rychlewski L, Ginalski K;, Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:7016-7045.: Sequence, structure and functional diversity of PD-(D/E)XK phosphodiesterase superfamily. PUBMED:22638584 EPMC:22638584
This clan contains the following 149 member families:AHJR-like ArenaCapSnatch BamHI BpuJI_N BpuSI_N Bse634I BsuBI_PstI_RE Cas_APE2256 Cas_Cas02710 Cas_Cas4 Cas_Csm6 Cas_DxTHG Cas_NE0113 CdiA_C CdiA_C_tRNase CoiA Csa1 Dna2 DpnI DpnII DpnII-MboI DUF1780 DUF1829 DUF1887 DUF2034 DUF2161 DUF234 DUF2357 DUF2726 DUF2800 DUF2887 DUF3799 DUF4143 DUF4263 DUF4420 DUF559 DUF5614 DUF6035 DUF6293 DUF6671 EC042_2821 EcoRI EcoRII-C eIF-3_zeta Endonuc-BglII Endonuc-BsobI Endonuc-EcoRV Endonuc-HincII Endonuc-MspI Endonuc-PvuII Endonuc_BglI Endonuc_Holl ERCC4 Exo5 Flu_PA FokI_cleav_dom Herpes_UL24 Hjc HSDR_N HSDR_N_2 L_protein_N McrBC MepB-like MmcB-like Mrr_cat Mrr_cat_2 MTES_1575 MutH MvaI_BcnI NaeI NERD NgoMIV_restric NotI NOV_C NucS PDCD9 PDDEXK_1 PDDEXK_10 PDDEXK_11 PDDEXK_12 PDDEXK_2 PDDEXK_3 PDDEXK_4 PDDEXK_5 PDDEXK_7 PDDEXK_9 Pet127 Phage_endo_I PND R-HINP1I Rad10 RAI1 RAP RE_AlwI RE_ApaLI RE_Bpu10I RE_BsaWI RE_Bsp6I RE_CfrBI RE_Eco47II RE_EcoO109I RE_endonuc RE_HaeII RE_HindIII RE_HindVP RE_HpaII RE_LlaJI RE_LlaMI RE_MjaI RE_NgoBV RE_NgoPII RE_SacI RE_ScaI RE_SinI RE_TaqI RE_TdeIII RE_XamI RE_XcyI RecC_C RecU RestrictionMunI RestrictionSfiI RmuC RNA_pol_Rpb5_N Sen15 SfsA Spo0A_C TBPIP_N ThaI Tn7_TnsA-like_N Tox-REase-2 Tox-REase-3 Tox-REase-5 Tox-REase-7 Tox-REase-9 Transposase_31 tRNA_int_endo Tsp45I Uma2 UPF0102 Viral_alk_exo VirArc_Nuclease VRR_NUC Vsr XhoI XisH YaeQ YhcG_C YqaJ
External database links
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures from this clan. More...
The graphic that is shown by default represents the longest sequence with a given architecture. Each row contains the following information:
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- a link to the page in the Pfam site showing information about the sequence that the graphic describes
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Note that you can see the family page for a particular domain by
clicking on the graphic. You can also choose to see all sequences which
have a given architecture by clicking on the
in each row.
Finally, because some families can be found in a very large number of architectures, we load only the first fifty architectures by default. If you want to see more architectures, click the button at the bottom of the page to load the next set.
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The table below shows the number of occurrences of each domain throughout the sequence database. More...
In brackets beside each number is the percentage of the total number of sequence hits for the clan that are represented by this domain. The rightmost column provides a link to the alignments tab for each domain. Finally, the last row in the table provides a link to the HTML representation of the alignment for the seed alignments for all members of this clan.
Please note: the clan alignment can be extremely large and the resulting HTML file is often too large to be rendered by web-browsers. Please consider downloading the alignment (by right-clicking the link) rather than viewing it in your browser.
Please note: Clan alignments can be very large and can cause problems for some browsers. Read the note above before viewing.
This diagram shows the relationships between members of this clan. More...
Relationships between families in a clan are determined using HHsearch. Families are deemed to be closely related if their E-value is less than 10-3 and these relationships are shown with a solid line. Less closely related family pairs, with an E-value of between 10-3 and 10-1, are shown with a dashed line.
The E-value for each pair of closely or partially related families is shown next to the line linking the families. You can see the information regarding a Pfam family by clicking on the family box.
This tree shows the occurrence of the domains in this clan across different species. More...
For all of the domain matches in a full alignment we count the number of domains that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
We also count the number of unique sequences on which each domain is found, which is shown in green. Note that a domain may appear multiple times on the same sequence, leading to the difference between these two numbers.
Finally, we group sequences from the same organism according to the NCBI code that is assigned by UniProt, allowing us to count the number of distinct sequences on which the domain is found. This value is shown in the pink boxes.
We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation.
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the MSD group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt three-dimensional structures. The table below shows the mapping between the Pfam families in this clan, the corresponding UniProt entries, and the region of the three-dimensional structures that are available for that sequence.
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