Summary: Signal recognition particle 14kD protein
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Signal recognition particle 14kD protein Provide feedback
The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a multimeric protein involved in targeting secretory proteins to the rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane. SRP14 and SRP9 form a complex essential for SRP RNA binding.
Birse DE, Kapp U, Strub K, Cusack S, Aberg A; , EMBO J 1997;16:3757-3766.: The crystal structure of the signal recognition particle Alu RNA binding heterodimer, SRP9/14. PUBMED:9233785 EPMC:9233785
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR003210
The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a multimeric protein, which along with its conjugate receptor (SR), is involved in targeting secretory proteins to the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) membrane in eukaryotes, or to the plasma membrane in prokaryotes [ PUBMED:17622352 , PUBMED:16469117 ]. SRP recognises the signal sequence of the nascent polypeptide on the ribosome. In eukaryotes this retards its elongation until SRP docks the ribosome-polypeptide complex to the RER membrane via the SR receptor [ PUBMED:12605305 ]. Eukaryotic SRP consists of six polypeptides (SRP9, SRP14, SRP19, SRP54, SRP68 and SRP72) and a single 300 nucleotide 7S RNA molecule. The RNA component catalyses the interaction of SRP with its SR receptor [ PUBMED:17507650 ]. In higher eukaryotes, the SRP complex consists of the Alu domain and the S domain linked by the SRP RNA. The Alu domain consists of a heterodimer of SRP9 and SRP14 bound to the 5' and 3' terminal sequences of SRP RNA. This domain is necessary for retarding the elongation of the nascent polypeptide chain, which gives SRP time to dock the ribosome-polypeptide complex to the RER membrane. In archaea, the SRP complex contains 7S RNA like its eukaryotic counterpart, yet only includes two of the six protein subunits found in the eukarytic complex: SRP19 and SRP54 [ PUBMED:12364595 ].
This entry represents the 14kDa SRP14 component. Both SRP9 and SRP14 have the same (beta)-alpha-beta(3)-alpha fold. The heterodimer has pseudo two-fold symmetry and is saddle-like, consisting of a curved six-stranded beta-sheet that has four helices packed on the convex side and an exposed concave surface lined with positively charged residues. The SRP9/SRP14 heterodimer is essential for SRP RNA binding, mediating the pausing of synthesis of ribosome associated nascent polypeptides that have been engaged by the targeting domain of SRP [ PUBMED:7730321 ].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||signal recognition particle, endoplasmic reticulum targeting (GO:0005786)|
|Molecular function||endoplasmic reticulum signal peptide binding (GO:0030942)|
|7S RNA binding (GO:0008312)|
|Biological process||SRP-dependent cotranslational protein targeting to membrane (GO:0006614)|
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
The graphic that is shown by default represents the longest sequence with a given architecture. Each row contains the following information:
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This family is a member of clan SRP9_14 (CL0623), which has the following description:
This superfamily represents both the 9 kDa SRP9 and the 14 kDa SRP14 components. Both SRP9 and SRP14 have the same (beta)-alpha-beta(3)-alpha fold. The heterodimer has pseudo two-fold symmetry and is saddle-like, consisting of a curved six-stranded beta-sheet that has four helices packed on the convex side and an exposed concave surface lined with positively charged residues. The SRP9/SRP14 heterodimer is essential for SRP RNA binding, mediating the pausing of synthesis of ribosome associated nascent polypeptides that have been engaged by the targeting domain of SRP.
The clan contains the following 2 members:SRP14 SRP9-21
We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets and the UniProtKB sequence database. More...
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You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.
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This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.
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Curation and family details
This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_7955 (release 5.2)|
|Author:||Mian N , Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||123|
|Number in full:||1666|
|Average length of the domain:||94.2 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||34 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||63.15 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||18|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...
This chart is a modified "sunburst" visualisation of the species tree for this family. It shows each node in the tree as a separate arc, arranged radially with the superkingdoms at the centre and the species arrayed around the outermost ring.
How the sunburst is generated
The tree is built by considering the taxonomic lineage of each sequence that has a match to this family. For each node in the resulting tree, we draw an arc in the sunburst. The radius of the arc, its distance from the root node at the centre of the sunburst, shows the taxonomic level ("superkingdom", "kingdom", etc). The length of the arc represents either the number of sequences represented at a given level, or the number of species that are found beneath the node in the tree. The weighting scheme can be changed using the sunburst controls.
In order to reduce the complexity of the representation, we reduce the number of taxonomic levels that we show. We consider only the following eight major taxonomic levels:
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Unmapped species names
The tree is built by looking at each sequence in the full alignment for the family. We take the name of the species given by UniProt and try to map that to the full taxonomic tree from NCBI. In some cases, the name chosen by UniProt does not map to any node in the NCBI tree, perhaps because the chosen name is listed as a synonym or a misspelling in the NCBI taxonomy.
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Since we reduce the species tree to only the eight main taxonomic levels, sequences that are mapped to the sub-species level in the tree would not normally be shown. Rather than leave out these species, we map them instead to their parent species. So, for example, for sequences belonging to one of the Vibrio cholerae sub-species in the NCBI taxonomy, we show them instead as belonging to the species Vibrio cholerae.
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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
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For all of the domain matches in a full alignment, we count the number that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
We also count the number of unique sequences on which each domain is found, which is shown in green. Note that a domain may appear multiple times on the same sequence, leading to the difference between these two numbers.
Finally, we group sequences from the same organism according to the NCBI code that is assigned by UniProt, allowing us to count the number of distinct sequences on which the domain is found. This value is shown in the pink boxes.
We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation. Those species which are represented in the seed alignment for this domain are highlighted.
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the SRP14 domain has been found. There are 17 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.