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8  structures 349  species 0  interactions 422  sequences 3  architectures

Family: TolA (PF06519)

Summary: TolA C-terminal

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This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

TolA C-terminal Provide feedback

This family consists of several bacterial TolA proteins as well as two eukaryotic proteins of unknown function. Tol proteins are involved in the translocation of group A colicins. Colicins are bacterial protein toxins, which are active against Escherichia coli and other related species (See PF01024). TolA is anchored to the cytoplasmic membrane by a single membrane spanning segment near the N-terminus, leaving most of the protein exposed to the periplasm [1].

Literature references

  1. Lazzaroni JC, Dubuisson JF, Vianney A; , Biochimie 2002;84:391-397.: The Tol proteins of Escherichia coli and their involvement in the translocation of group A colicins. PUBMED:12423782 EPMC:12423782

Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR014161

Tol proteins are involved in the translocation of group A colicins. Colicins are bacterial protein toxins, which are active against Escherichia coli and other related species. TolA is anchored to the cytoplasmic membrane by a single membrane spanning segment near the N terminus, leaving most of the protein exposed to the periplasm [ PUBMED:12423782 ].

TolA couples the inner membrane complex of itself with TolQ and TolR to the outer membrane complex of TolB and OprL (also called Pal). Most of the length of the protein consists of low-complexity sequence that may differ in both length and composition from one species to another, complicating efforts to discriminate TolA (the most divergent gene in the tol-pal system) from paralogs such as TonB. Selection of members of the seed alignment and criteria for setting scoring cut-offs are based largely on conserved operon structure. The Tol-Pal complex is required for maintaining outer membrane integrity, and is also involved in transport (uptake) of colicins and filamentous DNA, and implicated in pathogenesis. Transport is energized by the proton motive force. TolA is an inner membrane protein that interacts with periplasmic TolB and with outer membrane porins OmpC, PhoE and LamB.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan TolA-TonB-Cterm (CL0428), which has the following description:

This clan contains the TolA and TonB C terminal domains. These domains adopt a structure containing anti-parallel beta sheets with some alpha helical regions. The TolA family contains an extra N-terminal helix over the common fold, and the TonB is an isolated domain that can form different segment-swapped dimers depending on the fragment length [1].

The clan contains the following 3 members:

TolA TonB_2 TonB_C


We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets and the UniProtKB sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

Representative proteomes UniProt
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

Representative proteomes UniProt

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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

Representative proteomes UniProt
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You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...


This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_16081 (release 10.0)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Sequence Ontology: SO:0100021
Author: Moxon SJ
Number in seed: 9
Number in full: 422
Average length of the domain: 94.9 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 32 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 29.69 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 25.0 25.0
Trusted cut-off 25.0 25.0
Noise cut-off 24.9 24.8
Model length: 96
Family (HMM) version: 14
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Colour assignments

Archea Archea Eukaryota Eukaryota
Bacteria Bacteria Other sequences Other sequences
Viruses Viruses Unclassified Unclassified
Viroids Viroids Unclassified sequence Unclassified sequence


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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...


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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the TolA domain has been found. There are 8 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.

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AlphaFold Structure Predictions

The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.

Protein Predicted structure External Information
A0A0H3GNH5 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0H3GU69 View 3D Structure Click here
P19934 View 3D Structure Click here
P44678 View 3D Structure Click here
Q32II2 View 3D Structure Click here
Q8ZQT6 View 3D Structure Click here